A Brief Introduction to Graphene
The exponential growth of electronics technology will not be able to continue for a long time. As I mentioned in the “What is Moore’s Law and what has Graphene to do with it?” post, miniaturization is unlikely to continue forever. At some point, it has to approach an end. What happens then?
Did you ever wonder why your 2 years old smartphone is this much heavier and slower than the new ones? The answer is based in Moore’s law.
Perhaps you are still wondering: Why should I be interested in Graphene? What is so fantastic about it? Why is there so much research being done on Graphene? And why is Graphene considered a ‘wonder material’? Here are some answers.
Since 1859, many scientists were looking for graphite and finally in 1916 the structure of graphite was clarified. While they were examining graphite, they found some unexpected behavior in extremely thin layers of graphite and then they wanted to make it thinner and thinner down to one atomic layer to study physical and electrical behavior these thin layers. The story and research continued, but no one could make one atomic layer of Graphene, even though very complicated experiments were carried out – until 2004.
Nanotechnology is the science of small things. How small is that? It is usually smaller than 100 nm. 1 nm is 1 billionth of a meter. In the other word, Nanotechnology is an engineering of systems at molecular or atomic scale and provides skills to control and see individual atoms and molecules.
Dr.-Ing. Sarah Riazimehr
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- First human trial shows 'wonder' material can be developed safely